Dharamshala popularly known as "Scotland of India" is a beautiful hill station in Himachal Pradesh.
It is 18 Kms from Kangra. buddhism in india-DharamshalaCovering a wide area in the form of twin settlement, lower Dharamsala (1380m) is a busy commercial centre, while upper Dharamsala (1830m) with the suburbs of Mcleodganj and Forsytheganj, retains a British flavor and colonial lifestyle. Dharamshala is the centre of the Tibetan exile world in India. Following the 1959 Tibetan uprising there was an influx of Tibetan refugees who followed the 14th Dalai Lama into India.
His presence and the Tibetan population has made Dharamshala a popular destination for Indian and foreign tourists, including students studying Tibet. There is a large Tibetan community here who has made this place their home.
Dharamshala is surrounded by dense coniferous forest consisting mainly of stately Deodars. The High snow clad Dhauladhar ranges form a magnificent backdrop to the hill resort of Dharamsala. This is the principal township of Kangra district and overlooks a wide spread of the plains. With dense pine and deodar forests, numerous streams, cool healthy air, attractive surroundings and the nearby snowline, Dharamsala has everything for a perfect holiday.
One of the main attractions of Dharamshala is Triund hill. Jewel of Dharamshala, Triund is one day trek at the upper reaches of McLeodganj, about 9 km from McLeodganj.
PLACES OF INTEREST
This institute is aimed at preserving the Tibetan culture where one can watch the artisans working on paintings, woodwork and crafts, thankas, sculptures, etc that reflect the Tibetan culture and traditions. The Tibetan architecture, the vibrant colors, the gardens and the water bodies are of great interest.
It is on the main road to Palampur. The atmosphere is resonant with monks chanting in unison at this stately monastery. There is an exquisite collection of Tibetan handicraft on display here.
Jawalamukhi Devi Temple
A 15 to 20 minutes stroll through the chaotic bazaar up the hill is the Jwalamukhi Devi Temple. Inside the shrine of this big Devi Temple, you will see no idols but flames coming out of the rocks which has been burning since time unknown that defies scientific explanations. This place is just an hour away from Dharamshala.
McLeodganj is situated in upper Dharmasala in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. This is an imposing hill station located at about 1700m high. The city was named after David McLeod, the former Governor of Punjab under British rule. It is known as "Little Lhasa" because of its large population of Tibetan refugees. The Dalai Lama's residence and the headquarters of Central Tibetan Administration and the exiled Tibetan government are in McLeodGanj. Tsuglag Khang is the main temple enshrining Sakyamuni Buddha, Avalokitesvara and Padmasambhava. McLeodganj has a strong Tibetan influence; monks in deep red are a common sight in this town. The Dalai Lama settled here after his flight across the Himalayas following the Chinese invasion of Tibet. On 29 April 1959, the 14th Dalai Lama established the Tibetan exile administration in the north Indian hill station of Mussoorie. In May 1960, the Central Tibetan Administration was moved to Dharamshala. The Namgyal Monastery is one of the great attractions here. The architectural marvel of St. John in the Wilderness an Anglican church constructed in the neo-gothic style attracts all tourists reaching Mcleodganj.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Situated towards the southern end of the town is the holy abode of the Tibetan leader, Dalai Lama, the Tsuglagkhang Complex. Namgyal Monastery is a part of this sanctum and thousands of pilgrims’ travel here seeking the blessings of the leader. All the parts of the monastery except the monk’s residences are open for public visit. Besides meeting the Dalai Lama (which is not an easy thing to do) tourists can enjoy viewing the paintings that depict the sculptural stories and various Tibetan leaders. There are various stupas, temples, monastery for the tourists to explore. Also there are bookshops, café and a museum that too serve the tourists.
The Namgyal Monastery
Tsuglag Khang-Namgyal Monastery Namgyal Monastery is the personal monastery of His Holiness, the 14th Dalai Lama. The monastery is located inside the Tsuglagkhang Complex, which also encloses a Tibetan museum, a cafeteria, a book shop and library, prayer wheels and Buddhist shrines, apart from the royal but simple residence of the Tibetan spiritual leader. Visitors are allowed to move anywhere in the complex without any obstacles and difficulties.
St. John in the Wilderness an Anglican church
St. John in the Wilderness is an Anglican church dedicated to John the Baptist built in 1852, located near Dharamshala, on the way to McLeodGanj. Built in neo-Gothic architecture, the church is known for its Belgian stained-glass windows donated by Lady Elgin, wife of Lord Elgin. Though the church structure survived the 1905 Kangra earthquake, which killed close to 19,800 people, injured thousands in the Kangra area, and destroyed most buildings in Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala; its spire, Bell tower, was however destroyed. Later, a new bell was brought from England and installed outside in the compound of the church. Its churchyard is the final resting place of Lord Elgin, who became Governor-General & Viceroy of India in 1861 during the British Raj, though he soon died at Dharamshala on November 20, 1863, and was buried there.